Playing with dolls : use of simulation technology in the Thompson Rivers University respiratory therapy program

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McKeown, Shari I.
Thompson Rivers University
Respiratory therapy
Simulated patients
Critical thinking
Reflective learning
Critical care medicine
British Columbia
Case studies (Research methodology)
Qualitative research (Research methodology)
Interviews (Research methodology)
This descriptive case study examines the use of medical simulation technology in the three-year Thompson Rivers University respiratory therapy training program. Qualitative analysis of data gathered from 78 participants through interviews, observations, and discussion groups reveal a wide variety of low- intermediate- and high-fidelity technologies used for education and evaluation. Deliberate practice is the predominant learning theory informing the use of simulation for safe and ethical training in competencies that would otherwise pose significant risk to patients. Recommendations include enhancements of the existing technology with psychological and environmental fidelity, and for optimal curriculum placement of high-fidelity simulators at hospital sites for student development of critical thinking and team training. Further research into learning with high-fidelity simulation specifically within the context of a student respiratory therapist as an embedded hospital team member is needed. Keywords: respiratory therapy, patient simulation, critical thinking, learning, critical care, deliberate practice
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