Exploring physical education teachers' intention and perceived constraints in offering online lessons using the theory of planned behavior: A multi-country analysis

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Issue Date
2024-04-09
Authors
Konukman, Ferman
Filiz, Bijen
Moghimehfar, Farhad
Maghanoy, Mona Adviento
Graber, Kim
Richards, Kevin Andrew
Kinder, Christopher John
Kueh, Yee Cheng
Chin, Ngien-Siong
Kuan, Garry
Subject
Abstract
Guided by the theory of planned behavior, this study aimed to determine the influence of Physical Education (PE) teachers’ attitudes, their perceived behavioral control, and the influence of subjective norms on their intention and constraints (intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural) to offer a high-quality class based on best practices to deliver PE lessons online during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional, multi-country survey study recruited PE teachers from five countries (China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Turkey, and the United States). A total of 928 online questionnaires were used in the analysis. In terms of the overall intention to teach online, our findings showed that American and Filipino teachers had higher levels of intention to continue teaching online. In contrast, Turkish, Malaysian, and Chinese teachers showed a lower interest. Moreover, Malaysian teachers had more intrapersonal constraints while the teachers in the other four countries were not as restrained intrapersonally. The results highlight the significant influence of perceived behavioral control and attitudes on PE teachers’ intention to deliver online courses. Constraints to online teaching had a considerably large negative impact on attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. Based on the results, the proposed extension to the theory of planned behavior was an appropriate framework for understanding the behavioral intent of PE teachers.
Description
This article was originally published as: Konukman, F., Filiz, B., Moghimehfar, F., Maghanoy, M.A., Graber, K., Richards, K.A., Kinder, C.J., Kueh, Y.C., Chin, N.-S., Kuan, G., & Jinyu, G.S. (2024). Exploring physical education teachers’ intention and perceived constraints in offering online lessons using the theory of planned behavior: A multi-country analysis. Behavioral Sciences, 14(4), Article 305. https:// doi.org/10.3390/bs14040305
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