Plan Canada - Vol 39 No 3 (1999)

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    Plan Canada - Volume 39, Number 3 (July/August 1999)
    (Canadian Institute of Planners, 1999)
    North of 60|Au nord du 60 ème
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    (Canadian Institute of Planners, 1999)
    Table of contents for Plan Canada Volume 39, Number 3 (July - August 1999).
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    North of 60
    (Canadian Institute of Planners, 1999) Young, Alan
    The theme of this issue is ''North of 60," the vast and sparsely populated area of Canada lying north of sixty degrees latitude. With this collection of six articles devoted to planning in the Territories, Plan Canada finally achieves, in this decade, the goal of CIP's Publications Policy: to publish articles from all regions of Canada.
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    It will be our own: Community empowerment in the North
    (Canadian Institute of Planners, 1999) Murchie, Graham
    The establishment of Nunavut overshadowed another story of empowerment, that of the Community Empowerment program. This was initiated in 1996 to break the "vicious cycle of dependency and despair" afflicting the communities of the Northwest Territories. It provided staff to facilitate a process of capacity-building (planning, assessing, training and evaluation), technical support materials, and limited funding. Despite a vigorous start-up campaign, there was little interest in the program. An examination of the program, led by the author, established that many communities saw it as downloading and promoting bureaucracy's goals rather than their own. Efforts to make the program more oriented towards community development were carried out: program staff and community "champions" were trained, materials were provided in aboriginal languages, and a reframing of the program was publicized. Within a year, a number of communities had undertaken some or all of the four steps, and positive examples were reported. In this article, a number of principles of community capacity-building are set forth to guide both community planners and community development practitioners as they undertake their complementary but different roles.
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    Principles for successful community planning in norther Native Canadian communities
    (Canadian Institute of Planners, 1999) Aubrey, Donald
    Successful community planning in northern native communities requires a distinctive approach that ensures the predominance of community priorities. This approach can be stated in principles or rules which pay close attention to the aboriginal culture and environment in which community planning and development decisions are made. In order to appreciate these principles fully, one also needs to understand the context in which community planning is practiced in the Northwest Territories, where such planning is principally a responsibility of the territorial government, and is administered by regional community planners on behalf of the small non tax-based aboriginal communities in the immediate region. The principles discussed in the article reflect the author's belief that a sympathetic attitude and intuitive interpersonal skills are just as important as technical skills in understanding and interpreting the preferences of aboriginal communities when carrying out a land use planning or development exercise north of the 60th parallel.