Dissertations & Theses @ RRU

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RRU learners can now make their theses available online through DSpace@RRU, our institutional repository: a digital archive of open access, scholarly works by RRU students, faculty and staff.

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 1088
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    Framing Alberta’s NDP: How is the AbNDP, a Vehicle for Leftist Politics, Framed in a Conservative Canadian Province?
    (2024) Toogood, Kathryn, Ann; Black, David
    Alberta’s identity as Canada’s most conservative province is reinforced by the fact that conservative parties maintained majority governments for over fifty years. However, when the Alberta NDP (hereafter AbNDP), led by Rachel Notley, was elected in 2015, conservative parties during the 2015 and 2019 elections were presented with a history-making disruption of their governance. As a vehicle for centre-left or progressive politics, the AbNDP represents a competitor to and foil for conservative parties, as well as a scapegoat for Alberta’s woes, which conservative parties highlighted through framing within social media. This paper uses frame analysis to determine how framing was used in the election campaigns by conservative parties, how progressives are represented by conservatives, and the implications this may have for progressive politics. This paper points to the overall need for more research attention on social media frames in academic literature, while further demonstrating frame theory’s fractured nature.
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    Walking the Path of Humility: White Settler Positionality in Research with Tsartlip First Nation
    (2024) Doehnel , Emily; Harrison, Alisa, Y
    With humility and transparency, this thesis offers insight into how white settlers may conduct research “in a good way” with Indigenous communities amongst a dominant colonial system. Through a first-person/organizational inquiry, I explored, as a non-Indigenous leader in Tsartlip First Nation, how my research process reflected the legacies of colonization. After using action research to gather data from First Nations community health centre primary care providers, I shifted my inquiry process to a first-person action research methodology to critically explore my assumptions and perspectives as they related to my initial inquiry. The findings indicate my need to consider the impact of my positionality as a white settler, barriers to doing research “in a good way,” how systemic impacts of colonization shaped my thoughts and actions as a researcher, and challenges faced when seeking to apply the principles of Indigenous research ethics due to dominant Western ways of thinking and doing.Keywords: Indigenous, positionality, humility, safety, research
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    Exploring Responsive and Supportive Cancer Care for Racialized Adolescents and Young Adults
    (2024) Gill, Paramjot, Kaur; Heykoop, Cheryl
    Abstract Supervisory Committee: Dr. Cheryl A. Heykoop, Supervisor (School of Leadership Studies, Royal Roads University) Tiffany T. Hill, Committee Member (School of Leadership Studies, Royal Roads University) This thesis focuses on exploring responsive and supportive cancer care for racialized adolescents and young adults (AYAs) in BC through engagement with healthcare professionals working at BC Cancer. Drawing upon participatory action research (PAR) and patient-oriented research (POR) methodologies, the study engaged healthcare professionals through a modified focus group and semi-structured interviews to explore how they could be more supportive and responsive to racialized AYAs navigating cancer care in BC. The research was approved by Royal Roads University and the BC Cancer Research Ethics Boards and adhered to the Tri-Council Policy Statement on Ethical Research Involving Humans. Prior to engaging healthcare providers for this thesis project, Anew Research Collaborative (Anew) conducted interviews with racialized AYAs as a part of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)-funded project aimed to improve cancer care for racialized AYAs in BC. The interviews were analyzed through a thorough and comprehensive data analysis process to generate the preliminary themes and quotes shared with healthcare professionals. It is important to note that the author of this thesis is a team member of Anew. Findings from this thesis research with healthcare professionals highlight the need for culturally responsive training and education, the role of burnout amongst healthcare professionals, and the need to prioritize responsive programs and services for racialized AYAs. Findings also draw attention to the importance of healthcare professionals listening to, seeking to understand, creating safety, and advocating with racialized AYAs in the cancer care system to co-create change that is supportive and reflective of patient needs and realities. Keywords: Adolescent and young adults (AYA), Racialized AYAs, Racism, Systemic Racism, Cancer care
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    Impacts of the Built Environment on Cycling Mode Share and Subsequent Greenhouse Gas Reductions
    (2024) Lilly, Matthew, James; Ling, Chris
    Between the years of 2005 and 2019, the number of vehicles in Canada increased by42%, while national road transportation emissions increased by 17.69% and accounted for approximately 20.73% of total Canadian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Environment Canada, 2022). In May of 2017 - with a primary goal of encouraging individuals to adopt cycling as their main mode of transportation - the City of Victoria opened its first protected bi-directional bicycle lane connecting the Johnson Street Bridge to Cook Street by means of Pandora Avenue (Egan-Elliott, 2019). This marked the first step in the creation of Victoria’s All-Ages and Abilities (AAA) Bicycle Network, which has continued to expand throughout the city and into the surrounding municipalities of the Capital Regional District (CRD). While it is understood that implementing municipal active transportation (AT) infrastructure could reduce on-road GHG emissions, there is currently little research that attempts to quantify the GHG reduction effects of AT infrastructure. To address this knowledge gap, the impacts of cycling infrastructure on GHG emissions were explored by comparing temporal cross-sectional Greater Victoria transportation mode data pre-intervention (in May 2017) to that of data from 2017 to 2019. Additionally, bicycle suitability (bikeability) maps were created for the Greater Victoria region based on 2021 and spring 2023 cycling infrastructure and a review of research exploring best practices for cycling uptake and safety. Due to the impacts of COVID-19 on transportation trends, transportation data from 2020 onwards was not assessed. Findings of this research indicate that expansion of the cycling network is positively correlated with an increase in cycling mode share; however, further expansion of AAA quality facilities into other municipalities is likely required to achieve greater mitigation of on-road transportation GHG emissions within the region.
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    Governance of Alberta's Climate Leadership Plan
    (2024) Greeves, Warren; Dale, Ann
    The Canadian province of Alberta is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, producing 256 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per year, or 38% of Canada’s national emissions. As a carbon-intensive natural resource extractive economy, Alberta implemented numerous low-carbon policies in 2015, only to see many of those policies repealed in 2019 following a change in government. This research examines what social, political, and economic factors impacted governance of climate policy in Alberta from 2015 until the change in government in 2019. Analysing 344 press releases and 12 interviews with public servants and other stakeholders, this research uses Alberta’s Climate Leadership Plan as a case study to better understand the drivers and pressures facing sub-national governments as they develop and implement climate policy. Key policy insights● Several strong structures of governance were established early in the policy cycle, only to have those structures rolled away later on. Winding down of climate policy governance structures in Alberta coincided with an aggressive campaign to expand fossil fuel infrastructure. ● The main motivation for climate policy implementation in Alberta from 2015 to 2019 was social licence for continued fossil fuel development. ● Barriers to policy development and implementation included the speed of policy development; the number and diversity of vested interests of industry and environmental stakeholders; institutional tensions, differing bureaucratic cultures and conflicting mandates and within separate government ministries; and the use of the carbon tax as a wedge political issue.