The Libraries of Royal Roads University and Vancouver Island University collaboratively offer VIURRSpace to digitally preserve and showcase selected scholarly and creative works of the universities, together with special collections that represent the unique character of the region.

Recent Submissions

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    (Electronic version published by Vancouver Island University, 2024-04) Seeliger, Daria
    Interior design show boards for a luxury destination hotel for adventurous couples to experience Quadra Island.
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    Carfentanil structural analogs found in street drugs by paper spray mass spectrometry and their characterization by high-resolution mass spectrometry
    (John Wiley & Sons, 2023-05) Borden, Scott A.; Mercer, Savannah R.; Saatchi, Armin; Wong, Ernest; Stefan, Cristiana M.; Wiebe, Heather; Hore, Dennis K.; Wallace, Bruce; Gill, Chris G.
    Carfentanil is one of the most potent synthetic opioids ever developed, with an estimated analgesic potency approximately 20–100 times that of fentanyl and 10,000 times that of morphine. Carfentanil has been appearing in the illicit drug supply in many regions and has been linked to fatal overdose events. A subset of 59 street drug samples obtained in Victoria, B.C., that were confirmed to contain carfentanil were analyzed by mass spectrometry for this study. Carfentanil quantitation by paper spray mass spectrometry ranged from 0.05 to 2.95 w/w% (median = 0.32%) in the original drug sample. Paper spray mass spectrometry analysis also detected two unknown peaks at m/z 380.2 and 381.2 in 31 of these 59 samples (53%). Initial tandem mass spectrometry experiments revealed structural similarities between these unknown compounds and carfentanil, suggesting they were potential structural analogs, possibly arising from incomplete purification during synthesis. High-resolution mass spectrometry determined the chemical formulas of these compounds as C23H29N3O2 (m/z 380.2333) and C23H29N2O3 (m/z 381.2137). Literature and tandem mass spectrometry results were used to determine the identity of these potential new psychoactive substances, C23H29N3O2 as desmethylcarfentanil amide and C23H29N2O3 as desmethylcarfentanil acid. μ-Opioid receptor binding modeling determined that the binding poses of these analogs were nearly identical to that of carfentanil with relative binding energy calculations of 0.544 kJ/mol (desmethylcarfentanil amide) and −0.171 kJ/mol (desmethylcarfentanil acid); these data suggest they may share the toxic effects of carfentanil and have similar potencies.
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    Superdiversity as a superpower: Honouring IBPOC stories in provincial literary assessment practices
    (Electronic version published by Vancouver Island University, 2024-04) Ali, Naveed; Fisher, Paige
    Poster exploring what can be learned about the experiences of IBPOC learners undertaking high-stakes provincial assessments through information evident within surveys and interviews when interpreted through co-autoethnographical and autoethnographical lenses.
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    Youth participation in UNESCO biosphere reserves: A scoping review
    (VIU Press, 2023-06) Truyers, Yano; Abelshausen, Bieke
    Social-ecological systems have steadily evolved from expert-led management towards community involvement. In line with the upcoming engagement of youth as a separate stakeholder group within the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program, this scoping literature review provides an overview of studies currently existing in regard to youth within UNESCO biosphere reserves. By using a sequential and qualitative selection procedure, an analysis is made of the involvement of youth within UNESCO biosphere reserves. Hereby theoretical backgrounds and methodological approaches are clustered, and recommendations for future inquiry are made. Seven articles were selected for full-text in-depth analysis. In line with specific youth definitions and delineations found within the selected articles, most studies do not include high levels of participation in biosphere reserve research or praxis. Results show that it is considered essential to create a structured multi-method research plan adopting an adaptive research approach throughout the process of data collection and integrate a system theory approach to include all relevant contextual factors. The literature review concludes that there exists a research gap of youth within the UNESCO biosphere reserves framework. Thus, the recommendation is made for the explicit inclusion of the essential aspect of youth as explicitly stated and separate entities within future biosphere reserve research.
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    Exploring the Use of Inclusive Teaching Strategies to increase the Effectiveness of Adult Learning Programs related to Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (EDI) within Canadian Public Sector Organisations.
    (2024) Gay, Brian, Roland; Fovet, Frédéric
    This study discusses EDI training in a Canadian context, friction between EDI training and the lived experience of the participants, and identifies elements of inclusive strategies. The research methodology is focused ethnography, and with the theoretical frame of social constructionism this research allows for a focus on the relationship between individuals and a particular aspect of their life i.e. corporate training. Participants were identified through convenience and purposive sampling. The findings presented through the novel use of the lattice framework indicate the following areas of inclusive design are critical: Behaviour Matters, Context Matters and Authenticity Matters. When all three modules are planned for in an inclusive pedagogy approach to EDI training, there is an opportunity to bring environmental influences through the philosophy of experiential learning. This study contributes to organisational behaviour research around leadership, the development of a prioritization matrix, and the development of a model for diverse learning environments. Keywords: Public sector; EDI training; critical pedagogy; measuring EDI training effectiveness; lattice framework; diversity management; bias; identity.

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    Royal Roads University DSpace
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    The Institutional Repository of Vancouver Island University